This entry is the latest chapter in the blog Complexity, Creativity, and Everything. The addition was made on February 23, 2017. The whole blog is here.
Previously in a blog we reached this question: When should a player need to use conscious control? To set up an answer, we will now look at some concepts drawn from the tactical periodization approach. It was originally developed for soccer but it is quite useful a theoretical framework for other invasion team sports as well.
According to the tactical periodization approach, “every game action — involves a decision (tactical dimension) an action or motor skill (technical dimension) that required a particular movement (physiological dimension) and is directed by volitional and emotional states (psychological dimension).”
In the complex system of any invasion team sport, the tactical dimension is the one most directly connected to the outcome of the game. That is because “basketball is interaction between the two teams and the rules of basketball”, and it is elementary how a player decides to try to manipulate this interaction in favor of his team.
The technical dimension is subordinate to the tactical dimension because a motor skill only becomes directly relevant after a tactical decision has been made to execute it. For example, a player’s three-point shooting skills are relevant only if his team’s tactics allow for him to do some three-point shooting.
Accordingly, the physiological dimension is subordinate to the technical dimension. That is because of this: a player’s physiological capabilities are relevant only to the degree that they are used to execute motor skills that the player decides upon (in order to execute certain tactical actions). For example, jumping ability has been found to be important in basketball. However, it is not important per se, but as a prerequisite for certain motor actions, such as blocking shots or getting up to grab rebounds.
At least Delgado-Bordonau and Mendez-Villanueva (2012) discuss the psychological dimension of the tactical priodization approach as if it were a phenomenon of the same scale as the other three dimensions. To me this seems misleading.
That is because the tactical, technical, and physiological dimensions affect the teams’ interaction directly – in concrete ways touched upon above. Conversely, the effects of the psychological factors are indirect. In other words, the psychological dimension affects the interaction by affecting the other three dimensions.
This does not imply that the psychological dimension was less important than the other dimension. Quite the contrary: one could argue that the psychological dimension was the most important one. That is e.g. because motivational factors are a part of the psychological dimension. And if the player had no motivation to play basketball, the other three dimensions would immediately lose all their meaning.
However, the aforementioned essential difference does make the psychological dimension irrelevant at this point of this analysis. Namely, we are now concentrating on what directly affects the interaction between the two teams – i.e. the other three dimensions of the tactical periodization approach.
In the beginning of this entry it was asked “When should a player need to use conscious control?” The next time an answer is looked for.